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Incidence, mortality and DALYs by Cancer at country level in 2015: Findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study

on Sun, 12/11/2016 - 15:29

The previous post Visualizing the Burden of Cancer: Incidence Rate by 32 Cancers from 2005 to 2015 was devoted to identify which are the most common cancers by location and sex, and describe their trends from 2005 to 2015, using estimates of the age-standardized incidence rates per 100,000 population provided by a study conducted by the Global Burden of Cancer Collaboration and published in JAMA Oncology.

In this opportunity an exploratory data visualization allows you to look at the same dataset (Cancer incidence, mortality, and disability-adjusted life-years DALY) from a different angle to find answers to the question: Which are the countries with the highest burden from a selected cancer?.

The visualization shows a list of countries ranked by the level of selected metric (incidence, mortality, or disability-adjusted life-years) for a selected cancer group and sex.Readers are able to select the metric, cancer group and sex using the filters located beneath the title of the visualization. By default, the rank of countries by DALY from tracheal, bronchus and lung cancer in both sexes population is presented.

Some findings

When looking at the burden of tracheal, bronchus and lung cancer in total population (both sexes):

  1. The disability-adjusted life-years (DALY) shows that Hungary (1,065.3 years per 100,000 pop), Montenegro (961.4 years per 100,000 pop), and Serbia (943.6 years per 100,000 pop) are the top three countries with the highest level of burden.
  2. The cancer incidence shows that Hungary (74.5 cases per 100,000 pop), the United States of Americas (60.9 cases per 100,000 pop), and Canada (53.1 cases per 100,000 pop) are the top three countries with the highest level of new (incident) cases
  3. The cancer mortality shows that Vietnam (45.8 deaths per 100,000 pop), Hungary (44.9 deaths per 100,000 pop) and the Netherlands (41.4 deaths per 100,000 pop) are the top three countries with the highest level of mortality from this cause. 

The burden of liver cancer, for instance, shows a quite different scenario, where developing countries such as Mongolia, The Gambia, Guinea and Mali are the countries with the highest levels of burden in any of the three metrics: incidence, mortality, and DALY.  

Readers are invited to explore the burden of cancer interacting with the visualization and find interesting stories behind the data.

References

Global Burden of Disease Cancer Collaboration. Global, Regional, and National Cancer Incidence, Mortality, Years of Life Lost, Years Lived With Disability, and Disability-Adjusted Life-years for 32 Cancer Groups, 1990 to 2015. A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study. JAMA Oncol. Published online December 03, 2016. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2016.5688. Available online (accessed Dec 3, 2016)  

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